To Study the Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in Third Trimester and Feto-Maternal Outcome.

  • Sheetal Dagar MMMC & H, Solan
  • Monika Gupta MMMC & H, Solan
  • Monika Jindal MMMC & H, Solan
  • Santosh Minhas MMMC & H, Solan
  • Srishti Aggarwal MMMC & H, Solan
Keywords: Vitamin D Deficiency, Third trimester, Fetal outcome, Maternal outcome

Abstract

Aim: To estimate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in third trimester and its
correlation with feto-maternal outcome

Material and Methods: Present study was conducted 200 pregnant women who were admitted to the labor room in the third trimester in the department of Obstetrics & Gynecology of Maharishi Markandeshwar Medical College and Hospital, Solan (H.P.) for delivery after fulfilling the inclusion & exclusion criteria. Detailed history including complete demographic information, past medical history, dietary history, previous menstrual & obstetric history, any antenatal complications. Delivery details including mode of delivery, birth weight and APGAR scores were recorded on the proforma. Serum vitamin D was estimated from
the maternal blood sample. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25(OH) D levels in blood less than 20 ng/ml, and insufficiency of vitamin D was defined as 25(OH) D levels between 20-30 ng/ml.
Results: In this study, there was a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (93.5%) in the pregnant women though there was no significant difference in socio-demographic factors in the deficient and non-deficient group. Present study showed that the proportion of vitamin D deficient pregnant women having maternal complications and NICU admission was statistically significant as compared to the non-deficient group (p=0.0109) and (p=0.0384) respectively.

Conclusion: Maternal complications, increased cesarean section rate and NICU admission were
more associated with hypovitaminosis D but any causal relationship between vitamin
D deficiency and pregnancy complications was not found in this study design. We
propose that vitamin D supplementation is simple and economical, and hence we
should incorporate vitamin D testing, increase its awareness and treat its deficiency in
adolescence, pre-conceptional period or 1st trimester to avoid maternal complications
and poor fetal outcome.

Keywords: Vitamin D Deficiency, Third trimester, Fetal outcome, Maternal outcomex

Published
2022-02-19
How to Cite
Dagar, S., Gupta, M., Jindal, M., Minhas, S., & Aggarwal, S. (2022). To Study the Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in Third Trimester and Feto-Maternal Outcome. International Journal of Medical Science And Diagnosis Research, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.32553/ijmsdr.v6i2.913
Section
Articles