ROLE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY IN PREVENTION OF COMPLICATIONS AFTER PARAPLEGIA AND QUADRIPLEGIA
1Spinal cord injury is the most frequent and well- defined clinical condition that enterprise functional, physical and psychological impacts. Therefore, SCI patients experience serious medical complications that can profoundly influence patient’s identity. 2The goal of rehabilitation and other treatment interventions for SCI patients is to enhance ADL activities, decrease morbidity, mortality rate and also help in achieving a fullfilling and active life after SCI. Acute medical complications after SCI is very common but chronic medical complications cause serious negative impact on SCI patients by disturbing their functional and independent life. Therefore, earlier diagnosis and proper treatment interventions play a vital role in limiting these medical complications and achieving independent and quality of life after SCI. in this paper, we review data about common medical complications and preventions in patients of SCI, including cardiovascular impairment, motor and sensory impairment, bladder and bowel dysfunction, osteoporosis and bone metabolism dysfunction, pressure sores, pain syndrome, DVT and pulmonary embolism, infections ( septicemia, pneumonia etc.), psychological and sexual dysfunctions. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of risk factors, signs, symptoms, prevention and treatment approaches for secondary long-term complications in patients with SCI.
Keywords: spinal cord injury, chronic complications, Management of complications, physical therapy, paraplegia and quadriplegia.
Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Medical Science And Diagnosis Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.