COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN OXYTOCIN AND PROSTAGLANDIN IN INDUCTION OF DELIVERY IN POST TERM PREGNANCY

  • Bushra Hashim Hameed Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Al-Kut Hospital for Pediatric and Obstetric, Directory of Health in Wasit Province, Ministry of Health, Iraq.
  • Walaa Abdulameer Mahdi Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Al-Kut Hospital for Pediatric and Obstetric, Directory of Health in Wasit Province, Ministry of Health, Iraq.
  • Suhad Abbas Jasim COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN OXYTOCIN AND PROSTAGLANDIN IN INDUCTION OF DELIVERY IN POST TERM PREGNANCY
Keywords: oxytocin, prostaglandin, induction of delivery, postdate pregnancy

Abstract

Induction of delivery using medication can be performed by stimulating uterine contractility for establishing delivery prior to the start of spontaneous labor. Two most common ecbolic are Oxytocin and prostaglandins analogues (PGs) e.g. misoprostol. The study aims to compare between the effects of oxytocin & misoprostol in ripening of the cervix and induction of delivery in postdate pregnancy. Results show that the induction delivery period mean was significantly higher when using misoprostol than when using oxytocin. No significantly different results between the both groups regarding uterine hyperstimulation. No significantly different results between the both groups regarding postpartum hemorrhage. No significantly different results between the both groups regarding the mode of delivery. No significantly different results between the both groups regarding Cesarean section indication. No significantly different results between the both groups regarding the mean of Apgar score at 1 and 5 minutes. No significantly different results between the both groups regarding meconium aspiration. No significantly different results between the both groups regarding emergency Cesarean section rate due to fetal distress (pathological fetal heart rates) between the two groups. There was no significant difference between the two groups as regards the neonatal admission to the intensive care unit (N.I.C.U). It is concluded that Usage of both IV oxytocin 5 mIU/minute & vaginal misoprostol 25 µg is safe to induce delivery. It is preferable to use IV oxytocin 5 mIU/minute if the time factor is considered.

Keywords: oxytocin, prostaglandin, induction of delivery, postdate pregnancy

Published
2020-10-23
How to Cite
Hameed, B. H., Mahdi, W. A., & Jasim, S. A. (2020). COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN OXYTOCIN AND PROSTAGLANDIN IN INDUCTION OF DELIVERY IN POST TERM PREGNANCY. International Journal of Medical Science And Diagnosis Research, 4(10). https://doi.org/10.32553/ijmsdr.v4i10.695
Section
Articles