PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS FOR DEPRESSION IN OLDER WOMEN IN TAIF. KSA.
Background: There is more to depression than just feeling sad or blue. It is a prevalent but extreme mood disorder which requires care. It causes serious symptoms, such as sleeping, eating, and working, that influence how you feel, think, and handle daily activities1.
Depression among older adults is a common concern, but it is NOT a natural part of aging
Aims: To assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms and to determine the risk factors of depression in a community sample of older women in Taif city, Saudi Arabia.
Methods and Material: A cross-sectional, community survey. A structured questionnaire was designed based on a review of the literature. It includes five parts Socio-demographic data, Social, Physical, Financial, and Spiritual Risk factors, questionnaire was randomly distributed through a direct interview with a sample of old women living in Taif, their ages ranged from 60 and 79 years, responded people were 300.
Results: Out of 300 females respondent there were a common age group (60 -64) years with the percentage of (38%), most of the participants were secondary school education (46 %), and Most of them were widows (49.3%), In my search, I found more than half of study participant had depression (58.3%) and the most risk factor led to depression was a social problem (46.6%) the physical problems were the second factor leading to depression symptoms, (34.6%), especially diabetes mellitus (16.7%), only( 12.2%) had financial problems, and very few have had a spiritual problem (6.6%), there was a statistically significant association between a social problem and depression symptoms ( P = .033), with no significant relation between advance age (P = .530), level of education and depression symptoms, ( P = .809).
Conclusion: The depressive symptom was prevalent among community resident old women, a social and marital status it leading causes to the occurrence of depression and the growing old does not affect the prevalence of depression. my results should encourage community nurses to adopt a brief instrument such as GDS-15 and CGA to early screen depressive symptoms. Future studies are needed to identify the appropriate measures to treat elderly women in the recent community with depressive symptom and their impact on her function and health outcomes.
Keywords: depression symptoms, risk factor, prevalence, Taif city, Saudi Arab