PREVALENCE OF VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS AMONG CHILDREN RESIDING IN KASHMIR VALLEY, INDIA
Introduction: Vitamin D is important for bone development in children. A high prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) has been documented from different parts of India. However, limited data is available on VDD among children residing in Kashmir valley.
Objectives: To assess the prevalence of VDD and associated risk factors among children in the age group of 6–18 years in Kashmir valley.
Methods: A community‑based cross‑sectional study was conducted in the year 2018–2019. A total of 313 children in the age group of 6–18 years were enrolled from 15 clusters which were identified using population proportionate to size sampling method. A minimum of 20 children in the age group of 6–18 years per cluster were selected using random number tables. The data on socioeconomic status, physical activity, sunlight exposure, and biochemical parameters of bone and mineral metabolism were assessed.
Results: Ninety three percent of school-age children were found Vitamin D deficient as per serum 25(OH) D levels of <20 ng/ml. The prevalence was significantly higher among females.
Conclusion: A high prevalence of VDD was found in children residing in Kashmir valley.
Keywords: Kashmir valley, School age children, Vitamin D deficiency