PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF PARKINSON’S DISEASE IN WARANGAL REGION
Objectives: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of Parkinson’s disease
Design: Prospective observational study.
Background: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterised by progressive degeneration of the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra. The common risk factors are age above 60, family history, head trauma, pesticide exposure. The term PD is a symptom complex used to describe the motor features of PD, which include resting tremor, bradykinesia, and muscular rigidity.
Methods: The study included 52 patients with PD. The data was obtained based on review of patient’s records, case sheets, direct communication with patients, collecting demographic details, past medical & medication history and social habits.
Results: Among the study population, mean age was found to be 60 years. The common risk factors to PD include age above 60 years (n=25), family history (n=13), pesticide exposure (n=80) and head trauma (n=6).
Patients with PD done were 29 and patients with PD and HTN were 9 and patients with PD, HTN and DM were 5 and patients with PD, HTN and Stroke were 5 and patients with PD and stroke were 3 and patients with PD and Hypothyroidism were One.
Conclusion: PD is most common in male than female. The most common risk factors found to be are age above 60, family history, pesticide exposure, and head trauma. The most common clinical symptoms include tremors, bradykinesia, rigidity which helps in the early detection of PD and initiation of appropriate therapy to prevent occurrence of complications. Clinical pharmacist plays a vital role in identification of the risk factors involved in the occurrence and progression of PD
Keywords: Co-morbidities, Parkinson’s disease, Risk factors