COMMUNITY AWARENESS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
Introduction: Postpartum depression (PPD) is among the most common complications that occur after delivery and has very serious effects on the family, mother, and even the baby. Postpartum depression occurs in about 10% to 15% of women during the first year after delivery.
Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study, using data from different populations
Place and Duration of Study: Ali Fatima hospital, Raiwind Road, Lahore, Pakistan, for six months.
Objectives: We aimed to explore the awareness of postpartum depression and its symptoms among women with postpartum depression.
Methods: Logistic regression and chi-square tests were used to analyze awareness of postpartum depression and its symptoms and the baby blues symptoms for women with postpartum depression.
Results: Awareness of PPD varied according to the demographic profiles of the respondents (family structure, education, and employment status). The prevalence of postpartum depression was higher in the uneducated group of women (48.7%) compare to the women (26.6%) who completed the secondary or higher level of education. Young age during pregnancy increases the risk of depression. The lack of awareness of the symptoms of PPD is concerning considering the significant prevalence of PPD.
Conclusions: The higher prevalence of PPD suggested the importance of mental health support system for the low income and less eduated women. Maternal mental health services should be integrated with existing maternal health services. The primary maternal health care staffs should be provided the basic PPD screening and its primary management training, so that they can refer the PPD cases for appropriate mental health services when needed.