STUDY OF RISK FACTORS OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY AGED 9_12 YEARS OLD IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN BENGHAZI
Identification of risk factors is critical to preventing the childhood obesity epidemic. Risk factors that contribute to obesity are multifactorial. However, limited research has focused on identifying obesity risk factors
Aim: To identify risk factors for overweight and obese children in public school in Benghazi aged 9-12 years old.
Methods: A cross‐sectional study of children 9 to 12 y old was performed between the 5th of April to the 22th April 2019. A total of 160 students-91 girls and 69 boys were observed. Weight and height were measured, and parents filled out a questionnaire about family characteristics, birth history eating practice, and eating pattern. Overweight and obesity, using age‐ and sex‐specific body mass index (BMI) cut‐off points as defined by the International Obesity Taskforce, were used.
Results: After adjustment for age and sex, the odds ratio for childhood obesity increased by low hours of plying outside, birth rank and dietary patterns and there was no conclusive evidence of an association between paternal education and outcome. As well as, family characteristics and demographics, birth weight, breast feeding and T.V viewing
Conclusion: Our data support the perspective that education about energy intake, high fast food and high level of fat content should be used much earlier in those with high‐risk children